Tiananmen Square Lamina Framed Poster
36 in. x 24 in.
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The Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989
Tiananmen Square demonstrations of 1989, also known as the Tiananmen massacre on June 4 incident and (in part to avoid confusion with two before Tiananmen), were a series of demonstrations in and near Tiananmen Square in Beijing People’s Republic of China (PRC) as of April 15, 1989. The movement used methods essentially non-violent and can be considered as a case of civil resistance. Led mainly by students and intellectuals, demonstrations took place in the year was to see the collapse of a number of communist governments in Eastern Europe.
The protests were triggered by mass mourning the death of former CCP General Secretary Hu Yaobang, a Party official who had been purged of its support for political liberalization. On the eve of Hu’s funeral, 100,000 people gathered in Tiananmen Square. The protests started by students from Beijing to encourage continued economic reform and liberalization, and evolved into a mass movement for political reform. Tiananmen Square they later spread to surrounding streets. The non-violent protests also occurred in cities across China including Shanghai and Wuhan. Looting and rioting in various places throughout China, including Xi’an and Changsha.
The movement lasted seven weeks after the death of Hu Jintao on April 15. Premier Li Peng, a hardline conservative, has declared martial law May 20, but no military action took place until June 4 when tanks and troops of the People’s Liberation Army moved into the streets Beijing, using live fire by taking to clear Tiananmen Square of protesters area. The exact number of civilian casualties is not known, and most estimates ranging from several hundred to several thousand. There was widespread international condemnation of the government’s use of force against demonstrators.
After June 4, the government made mass arrests of protesters and their supporters, cracked down on other protests around China, banned the foreign press of the country and strictly controlled coverage of events in the national press. The Communist Party has launched a large-scale purge of officials deemed favorable to the protest. Several senior officials, including Secretary General Zhao Ziyang, were placed under house arrest.